The system for a simple and quantifiable method of evaluating basic movement abilities.
The Functional Movement Screen(FMS) is an innovative system used to evaluate movement pattern quality for patients or athletes. The key to the Functional Movement Screen is that it consists of a series of simple tests with a simple grading system. The FMS allows a trainer or coach to begin the process of functional movement pattern assessment in individuals without recognized pathology. The FMS is not intended to diagnose orthopedic problems but rather to demonstrate limitations or asymmetries in healthy individuals with respect to basic movement patterns and eventually correlate them with outcomes.
Test 1: Deep Squat
The squat is a movement needed in most athletic events. It is the ready position and is required for most power and lifting movements involving the lower extremities. The deep squat is a test that challenges total body mechanics when performed properly. It is used to assess bilateral, symmetrical and functional mobility of the hips, knees and ankles.
Test 2: Hurdle Step
The hurdle step is designed to challenge the body’s proper stride mechanics during a stepping motion. The movement requires proper coordination and stability between the hips and torso during the stepping motion as well as single leg stance stability. The hurdle step assesses bilateral functional mobility and stability of the hips, knees and ankles.
Test 3: In-Line Lunge
This test attempts to place the body in a position that will focus on the stresses as simulated during rotational, decelerating and lateral-type movements. The inline lunge is a test that places the lower extremity in a scissored position, challenging the body’s trunk and extremities to resist
rotation and maintain proper alignment. This test assesses torso, shoulder, hip and ankle mobility and stability, quadriceps fl exibility and knee stability.
Test 4: Shoulder Mobility
The shoulder mobility screen assesses bilateral shoulder range of motion, combining internal rotation with adduction and external rotation with abduction. It also requires normal scapular mobility and thoracic spine extension.
Test 5: Active Straight-Leg Raise
The active straight-leg raise tests the ability to disassociate the lower extremity while maintaining stability in the torso. The active straight-leg raise test assesses active hamstring and gastroc-soleus fl exibility while maintaining a stable pelvis and active extension of the opposite leg.
Test 6: Trunk Stability Push-Up
The trunk stability push-up tests the ability to stabilize the spine in an anterior and posterior plane during a closed-chain upper body movement. It assesses trunk stability in the sagittal plane while a symmetrical upper-extremity motion is performed. The ability to perform the trunk stability push-up requires symmetric trunk stability in the sagittal plane during a symmetric upper extremity movement.